The museum's patrimony is composed of archeological and historical collections enhancing the value of Craiova and Romanian history, from ancient times up to nowadays.
The archeological collections were founded based on the archeological diggings performed by specialists of the museum, donations and acquisitions. The archeological collections paint a portrait of old age and history, of Roman period and early Middle Age.
The historical collections come from donations granted by Aman and Cornetti families, history lovers as well as through acquisitions.
The collections are divided into:
• Archeological Collections
• Medieval Collections
• Modern Contemporary Collections
• Numismatic Collections
Oltenia Museum holds a valuable stock of old Romanian and foreign books.