The exhibition journey leads the visitor through thirteenth fragments of history, the first step being made in the residence of the great Ban of Oltenia (Michael the Brave), who is judging a dispute between two boyars. The exhibition continues with the room where it is presented the further development of Craiova (17th – 18th centuries), illustrated by the reconstruction of facades of houses, presentation of the slums plans or even the simulation of the tragic event of burning of Craiova, in 1800.
The Romanian synthesis of western and eastern culture is reflected by the reproduction of an 18th century church interior, where old books, manuscripts and Brâncoveanu art objects are presented.
One of the most important personalities of Oltenia, Tudor Valdimirescu is presented as a distinctive historical figure in the exhibition, being put into evidence his extremely important historical and military role for the whole area of Oltenia.
The moment of the Union of Romanian Principalities, reproduced brilliantly in the well-known painting Hora Unirii in Craiova, by Theodor Aman, brother of magistrate Alexandru Aman, is found in the new exhibition, being contextualized with furniture from the "Alexandru and Aristia Aman" Collection, donated by the illustrious intellectuals of Craiova, which led to the establishment of the first public museum in Craiova.
The model of the independence monument "This is the music I like!", made by the sculptor Dumitru Pavelescu Dimo, is the attraction point for the visitors, in the exhibition hall dedicated to the "War of Independence of Romania". Located in a strategic position throughout the War of Independence, at the heart of battle preparations and right next to the theatre of operations, Oltenia was the main area for organizing and supporting the effort to conquer the full statehood (1877-1878).
At the end of the 19th and 20th centuries, Romania and, implicitly, Oltenia experienced a period of continuous development, known as "La Belle Époque", the atmosphere of those times is presented by the reconstruction of Unirii Street. This street was the favourite place of the elite city, being reconfigured with the authentic atmosphere of the past, with characters dedicated to that time, namely ladies wearing vaporous dresses and broad-brimmed hats, gentlemen in elegant costumes, walking and visiting the famous merchant buildings of Craiova.
The exhibition hall "Kingdom of Romania and World War I" offers the exposition in a modern form of some impressive furniture pieces, as well as some paintings belonging to the Segarcea Royal Domain. Also, the exhibition space is framed by dioramas with interactive museum reproductions that present battle scenes from the First World War.
The figure of the great diplomat Nicolae Titulescu, which marked the Romanian and European foreign policy during the interwar period, is placed in the atmosphere of the time by reproducing the interior of his cabinet. You can see personal objects of the great diplomat, as well as the ceremonial costume of Savel Rădulescu, his secretary at the League of Nations.
Within the exhibition, the personality of Mariana Drăgescu, the first pilot woman in Romania, in the White Squadron on the eastern front, is individualized.
Historical periods specific to the collectivization of agriculture, the industrialization of Romania, communism, but also the magnification and decay of the Golden Age, are presented from a historical and documentary perspective, whether we are talking about the forms of Nicolae Ceausescu's cult, the huge propaganda apparatus, constraints (feeling of oppression and collective fear), or low living standards imposed on the population (rationalization of food, fuel, electricity).