Oltenia is one of the most significant bio-geographic areas in Romania. On the territory of Oltenia there is a great diversity of ecosystems (terrestrial and aquatic), including almost all categories of plants and animals.
The basic exhibition from the 1st floor "PHYSICAL AND GEOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS AND ECOSYSTEMS IN OLTENIA" has been settled in the current building of the Department of Natural Sciences, 8 Popa Şapcă Street, on an area of 518 m2. The scientific project laying the foundation of the exhibition has been drafted by: Dr. Cornelia Chimişliu – curator, head of the Department of Natural Sciences and curators: Dr. Aurelian Popescu, Dr. Mirela Sabina Ridiche, Dr. Olivia Cioboiu, Drd. Claudia Ionelia Goga, Dr. Adrian Năstase. The exhibition has been designed so that it should provide visitors a recreational area as well as a place of knowledge and learning regarding the secrets of nature and the diversity of flora and fauna.
The exhibition reveals the great biodiversity in Oltenia region, generated by the variety of physical, geographical and climate conditions within the region, pointing out the necessity to preserve the biodiversity within this ancient Romanian historical province.
The exhibition offers visitors the occasion to learn more about: Physical and geographic conditions in Oltenia, The ABC of ecology, Oltenia Ecosystems, Preserving biodiversity, Tourist attractions in Oltenia.
The exhibition is an original achievement, the only one that reveals in detail the natural features in Oltenia, representing an important database of useful documentary, scientific, cultural and educational information for the visitors.
Oltenia - Terra fossilis
The exhibition is arranged at the ground floor of Natural Science Department, on an area of 136 mp and was opened on 22nd of February 2012.
In the exhibition showcases there are arranged, in systematic order, fossils found exclusively within Oltenia territory, constituting itself into a true history of life on these lands.
Plants or animals, small or giant, aquatic or terrestrial, bipedal or quadrupeds, Oltenia fossils impress, with their great diversity, their large number of discoveries and their great scientific value.
Mastodon from Stoina – emblematic museum piece, cave bear from Baia de Fier, mammoth from Leu are irresistible attractions for visitors, and mammal fossils from Bugiulesti were and are today quoted by scientists from our country and abroad.
The exhibition addresses the audience of all ages, but especially young audience discovers it with amazement and joy.
The exhibition Universe and our solar system occupies an area of 250 mp and it is arranged at the second floor of Natural Sciences Department. The exhibition space consists of two rooms. In the first room there are exposed scientific information about the origin and organization of the Universe: galaxies and group of galaxies (including Milky Way-our galaxy) stars, constellations, Solar System (Sun and the planets that revolve around it: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto).
A special attention is given to the Earth and its natural satellite, Moon, and other celestial bodies in the Solar System: asteroids, meteorites and comets. The interest exhibits are the three pieces of the meteorite fell in Sopot, Dolj County, on 27th of April 1927. The end of the exhibition is represented by space research and exploration of the outer space. In the second room the journey through the Universe lead us in the Planetarium, where through the 10 performances, the visitors can enjoy the dynamic image of sky, the sky map, a virtual journey among stars, constellations, planets, asteroids.
The exhibition was opened on 4th of December 2012, when the Planetarium was also opened, and addresses to all categories of visitors, but especially younger audience, to which we try to awaken their interest for understanding the Universe.