Viticulture and Fruit Growing

Viticulture. As an ancient occupation is yet mentioned by Herodotus and Strabo who comment on Burebista's order given to remove the vine. This information is confirmed by archaeological excavations through Dacian pruning knives whose form is similar to those used today. Inventory of tools by which viticulture is represented in the department's patrimony is formed by the basic tools: pruning knives, special pots, presses. Pruning knives used for cutting vines are of two types: pruning knives without ax of Ottoman tradition smaller and spread across the country and with ax, of larger size. A feature of these pruning knives is formed by ornamentation through incision with various patterns, especially geometric. Since the twentieth century, with pruning knives are emerging the shears that will gradually replace this ancient tool.

Two important pieces from the collections of the Bania house deserve a more extensive presentation:

"Lin" - serves as a container for crushing grapes with their feet, a method used extensively since antiquity. It consists of two distinct parts: a solid wood base, a trench on the outboard sides for the draining of the grape must and a part made of wicker, furniture, called basket or pen. An auxiliary piece this special pot is formed by the Mold, like a large felt, carved from a single tree trunk, in which the wine poured from the "lin".

Winepress - constructed of hardwood, usually oak, is part of the screw presses or those with swirl in the middle. It consists as the "lin" of two parts: a carved pedestal from a single tree trunk and the fold - from boards in which are placed the crushed grapes By swirl pressure there are extracted even the last drops of wine. This type of winepress evolves from the winepress with pive by adding into the middle a vertical axis namely the wooden screw which allows it to be handled easier and more practical.

Fruit growing, just like viticulture, helps to complete the food needs of the peasant's household. Dried and smoked the fruits were used as food during winter, being also the main product for the grain trade, made with the people of the plains, where the people from the mountains were descending during summer and autumn. Woven baskets made of hazel twigs or bark of lime and cherry, the grid used to dry fruits in summer, are remarked through perpetuation of ancient techniques and form.

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