The Gallery of Prehistoric Art

The gallery of prehistoric art, which will be arranged on the underground floor of the Archeology-History section of Oltenia Museum, will include the most representative pieces of the prehistoric ages and cultures. One hall, specifically arranged, will be dedicated to a significant piece of reference from Oltenia Museum patrimony, which is the Homo Sapiens skull found in the Cave of Dames, Gorj district, one of the eldest across Europe. It will also emphasize on the beginnings of human civilization in Oltenia, the neolithic Europe, when human communities started to go from a nomad life to a sedentary life, work on the fields, build homes, during which religious beliefs appear. The museum's exhibition will focus on the most representative archeological cults of Oltenia, Grădinile, Cârcea, Vădastra, Sălcuţa. One section will be intended for the plastic art in Neolithic and the Bronze Age. Several pieces will be displayed there, revealing the skills and craftsmanship of foremen from those times. The delicacy and style with which various objects were moulded, whether they were shaped out of clay or metal, are specific for this hall. The biggest change in the lives of the prehistoric communities, the discovery and use of metals, especially copper and bronze, are well represented in the project of this exposition. We will present the two most important technologic processes, the extraction and reduction of copper ore and the actual fabrication of bronze tools. The attendance to this exhibition section will end with a presentation of one of the most famous archeological culture of the Bronze Age from the South-Eastern Europe, the funeral cult of Cârna, considered to be, artistically, the correspondent in the Bronze Age of the Cucuteni culture in Neolithic. Amongst the cremating graves reproductions specific for this culture, we will display the most impressive bronze bowls and pieces, specific to this artistic movement in that time and age.