Elaborating this catalogue aims to include specialized information of data accumulated over the years with respect to the items that are part of the mammals collection of the Museum of Oltenia. At the same time the catalogue is a reference parameter in order to understand the spreading of mammals from Oltenia and Romania.
The mammals collection was founded starting with 1952, then being continuously enriched. It preserves 749 items, representing: naturalized mammals, skins and trophies, belonging to 57 species, 7 orders, 20 families and 40 genres and 47 items which were taken into custody from Posada Woodcraft Museum.
In 1980 it was made an inventory of the vertebrate collections from the museum, by publishing “The systematic catalogue of vertebrate collections from the Museum of Oltenia” by Elena Bazilescu, Constantina Sorescu, Mihai Cruce and Mircea Popescu. Phd. Elena Bazilescu, phd. Ion Firu, phd. Mircea Popescu, phd. Irina Păunescu – curators, Aneta Vişan and Gheorghiţa Filcu – restorers have contributed to the elaboration of vertebrate collection and mammals.
The scientific determinations were made after Fasciculele de Fauna României. Mammalia. Fascicula 1. Insectivora. (D. Murariu, 2000), Fascicula 2. Rodenţia.( Alexandrina Popescu & D., Murariu, 2001), Fascicula 3. Chiroptera. (N., Valenciuc, 2002), Fascicula 4. Lagomorpha, Cetacea, Artiodactyla (D., Murariu, 2004), Fascicula 5. Carnivora. (D., Murariu, D., Munteanu, 2005), and Fauna Europaea. As far as the conservation of each specie is concerned, this was taken from “The red book of vertebrates from Romania” (N., Botnariuc, Victoria Tatole, 2005), established on criteria elaborated by International Union for Conservation of Nature (2001). For each species, it was made an informational base: systematic qualification, scientific name, spreading in Romania, preservation, the way of preparation, place and date of collection, age and sex, the name of collector, old and new inventory number, and a map with collecting places from Romania and a photography.
Through their richness and scientific importance, the collection is a precious material which may be used by specialists from Romania and abroad, interested in understanding the fauna from Oltenia and Romania. The elaboration of this catalogue was necessary in order to make known the importance of the items and to make them accessible to a greater number of specialists.