Romanian Middle Age

The conclusion of the forming process of the Romanian Nation marked the beginning of the Romanian medieval society and the forming of the first political factions. At the same time, the vicinity of certain nations, such as the Byzantine Empire, replaced at the end of the XII century by the second Bulgarian Czardom, and the Hungarian Kingdom, influenced the institutional forms across the entire territories inhabited by Romanians. The successive waves of Turanian tribes - Pecenegs, Oghuz, Cuman and Tatars, the devastations and the displacement of people, caused by invaders, slowed down the evolution of Romanian society. The political domination used by migrating tribes in the Lower Danube, veiled the natives' manifestations, which explains the sporadic and incomplete documents on Romanians in the Byzantine and western literature of the time. At the end of the XIII century and the beginning of the XIV century, the fall of the Golden Horde, the tensions in the Bulgarian state and the fights for the Hungarian crown caused a great influx of influence to the three states that battled for authority at the southern and eastern part of the Carpathians. As a consequence of this influx of influence, the medieval Romanian states came to being, strategically placed along the Carpathian chain. The fight against the Mongols and the trial of emancipation under the Hungarian Empire eased the union of Basarab or Bogdan; the end of the south-eastern Europe's political geography recorded two new Romanian states: the Principality of Wallachia and Moldavia, next to the older principality of Transylvania, at that time under the rule of the Hungarians.

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