Appears as craft in the geographical area of the province, around 3000 BC, is one of the most complex crafts and through the diversity of the necessary knowledge the accuracy of their knowledge. The improvement technique and then entering burning of vessels' potter's wheel (300 BC) were milestones in the evolution of this craft.

Roman influences, and, later, Byzantine pottery have marked the Romanian ceramics

What characterizes the contact of the potters from Oltenia with older or more recent ceramic products of other civilizations, is the creative assimilation of some forms, types of pottery vessels from the main centers of Şişeşti, Targu-Jiu, Oboga and Horezu. Şişeşti and Tg.Jiu ceramics is required by forms elegance, keeping the old tradition, not using enamel and using for decoration old symbols (wavy line, triangle ) and natural colors made from yellow and red Hume.

It is a general purpose ceramic out of which of interest are the jugs, jars, pots of different sizes for boiling food on the hearth, taier and barells to extract butter, etc.. Much better represented from the object's point of view is the Oboga potteries, famous for its diversity of ceramic forms. We refer to "oţetar" alveolate girdles, barrels, the zoomorphic and anthropomorphic jugs with decoration applied as a little snakes and frogs, to the taier avimorfe motifs, colored in green, brown, yellow, to figurines and flasks. What distinguishes the Oboga ceramics from other potteries is the character of sculptural forms, The ability to form the plastic symbols, old habits of pitcher types illustrated as wedding and baby stork with children's heads applied to the body vessel. Also as a feature of masters of vessels Oboga collection department is recording on the surface of some pieces the settlements, the master name and the name of the ornamental motif. The flourishing age of Oboga center was the late nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century.

Another famous pottery center for the art of its products is Horezu that appeared together with the rise of Horezu monastery made by Constantin Brancoveanu, to meet the needs of the new foundations of courts and aristocratic surroundings usually common at that time. Ceramics produced here was imposed by technical innovation and responsiveness to decorative era adopting and enriching its repertoire enamel decoration and color. Used reasons are varied and the most common are: snail, star, stylized flowers, rooster fish, etc.. Are decorated with choir and jay-shaped wire brush bristles.