Ornithology

THE COLLECTION OF ORNITOLOGY includes a number of 1808 items (1770 birds, 31 nests and 5 rings).

From a systematic point of view, the bird in the collection belong to 230 species, 138 genera, 58 families and 20 orders; considering the species and the types of habitats they live in, the birds of our collection fall into the following groups: 148 species come from terrestrial habitats, 78 species from aquatic habitats, while 4 are euritope species.

The oldest pieces in the bird collection date back at the beginning of the 20th century; among them 54 specimens collected, prepared and donated to our museum by Dionisie Linţia, famous ornithologist, on 03.01.1926, to name but a few: Gavia stellata, Mergus serrator, Falco peregrinus, Alectoris graeca saxatilis, Tetrax tetrax, Himantopus himantopus, Burhinus oedicnemus, Calandrella brachydactyla, Oenanthe hispanica, Monticola saxatilis, Phylloscopus sibilatrix, Panurus biarmicus russicus, Sturnus roseus, Emberiza cirlus, E. cia etc.

The bird collection has been completed during decades with the help of other donations (Constantina Sorescu, Dimitru Dumitrescu, authorized hunters) or/and acquisitions (Collection Herman Fülop, Collection Valeria Breahmă, Collection of preserved skins Mircea Popescu). Part of the ornithology material comes from collections and scientific researches (avifauna, ecologic etc.) performed by museum experts in various areas of Oltenia.

The origin of bird specimens included in our collection covers various bio-geographic areas within the country, namely Danube Floodplain, Oltenia Plain, Banat Field, Sub-Carpathian mountains and mountain area in Southern and Eastern Carpathians, Danube Delta. Some specimens have been collected outside the country, in Austria – Tirol (Corvus monedula – rare leucistic specimen), Serbia – Southern Banat (Columba oenas,  Merops apiaster, Motacillla  flava), Hungary – Törökbecse (Fringilla montifringilla).

The fauna and scientific value of the collection is given by the great diversity of bird species (almost 60% of the Romanian avifauna), but also by the rare avifauna specimens included in these collections. We mention here species declared natural monuments (Pelecanus onocrotalus, Egretta garzetta, E. alba, Platalea leucorodia, Tadorna ferruginea, T. tadorna, Gyps fulvus, Aegypius monachus, Tetrao tetrix, T. urogallus major, Alectoris graeca saxatilis, Tetrax tetrax, Otis tarda, Himantopus  himantopus, Corvus corax), plus other under-privileged species from the preservation point of view, both in our country but also on European/global level (Gavia stellata, Ciconia nigra, Branta ruficollis, Milvus migrans, M. milvus, Haliaeetus albicilla, Buteo rufinus, Aquila clanga, A. heliaca, Hieraaetus pennatus, Falco peregrinus, Haematopus ostralegus, Recurvirostra avosetta, Burhinus oedicnemus, Glareola pratincola etc.).

Seven collection specimens (represented by the following species: Red-breasted Goose - Branta ruficollis, Rock Partridge - Alectoris graeca saxatilis, Little Bustard - Tetrax tetrax, Stone Curlew - Burhinus oedicnemus, Black-winged Stilt - Himantopus himantopus, Rose-coloured Starling - Sturnus roseus, Jackdaw - Corvus monedula) have been classified as belonging to the THESAURUS category of the national cultural patrimony, and other 85 specimens representing 44 species of birds were classified as belonging to the FUND of the cultural patrimony of Romania.

THE COLLECTION OF OOLOGY includes 352 pieces (eggs), belonging to 158 species, 98 genera, 45 families and 15 systematic orders, representing 64.56 % of the total brooder species in our country. In this collection, the part donated by I. P. Licherdopol is very significant, containing 312 pieces, the remaining pieces being collected as documentary material during field researches.

Both collections are scientifically prepared by Dr. Mirela-Sabina Ridiche, curator.

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