Beekeeping was practiced from ancient times in Oltenia. Products, ie honey and wax, occupied an important place in the home lighting and the Romanian peasant food. The most archaic technique of obtaining the honey was the "bărcuit" activity - meaning collecting it from the wild bee hive. The cluster was considered the property of its discoverer, if he pulled his mark on that tree.
Moving to beekeeping seems to have happened during fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. As a transitional step to beekeeping can be considered the settlement of apiary, ie hives of hollow wooden logs from the forest. Beekeeping in systematic hives was done much later in the nineteenth century and gained a gradual extension.
Department of Ethnography possesses various types of "ulej" made from tree trunks carved on the inside, woven wattles and covered with clay, of plank. An interesting piece is also the "Rojnica" - a small hive used to capture the swarm of bees. It consisted of a bell of rods and a long wooden rod of about 2m. The tool was used in the following way: The Rojnica bell was rubbed with white flowers ... of rojnica and then the swarm was sought, then after smelling the flowers, the swarm was entering the bell.
The same patrimony also includes wax presses and other tools for caring the hives and for extracting honey bee.